Don’t get us wrong, RPA has a place in some organisations for sure, particularly where there is short term demand for automation to fill process holes, or to speed you to market before end to end automation is in place. We have used it ourselves to scale a product with a new advertising campaign when the manual invoicing and payment processes were a bottleneck to meeting the predicted demand.
Where RPA really doesn’t yet have an answer is in the area of judgement, particularly where the inputs are unstructured text (for example email). That’s where new NLP technologies come in. Enhancing RPA capabilities with the ability to interpret unstructured text and make a judgement (determine intent, extract important entities with context) really opens up the possibilities for process automation that RPA by itself doesn’t address.